FAST Database

IBRC Launches New Skeletal Trauma Database

The new Forensic Anthropology Skeletal Trauma (FAST) database is a novel resource, funded by the National Institute of Justice, which provides trauma analysis data for education, training, and case comparison applications. Students, academics, and practitioners will gain an interdisciplinary perspective of skeletal trauma through an examination of experimental research utilizing human specimen with known loading mechanisms. FAST features pre- and post-test imaging, data collected from advanced instrumentation during the impact event, and fracture analysis data. The Forensic Anthropology Skeletal Trauma Database provides a unique opportunity to explore a large sample of skeletal trauma on various regions of the human body and gain insight into objective trauma interpretation.  

How to Cite the Forensic Anthropology Skeletal Trauma (FAST) Database

Harden, Angela L.; Stull, Kyra E.; Kang, Yun-Seok; Bolte IV, John H.; Agnew, Amanda M. (2023): Forensic Anthropology Skeletal Trauma Database. Figshare. Dataset.

To request access to the
FAST database

To access the FAST database

How to use the FAST database:

Request Access

  • At the top of this page, click the button under “To request access to the FAST database”
  • Fill out the Access Request Form
  • Click “Next Page”
  • Read the Data User Agreement and digitally sign the bottom of the agreement
  • Click “Submit”

FAST Login

  • Once your request has been approved, you will receive an email with the subject line: “REDCap project access granted”
  • This email will state that you have been given access to FAST and it will contain your username and a link to access the project
  • A second email will be sent with instructions on how to set your new password and login
  • To access FAST, click on the link in the email or click here and click the button below “To access the FAST database”

Search FAST

  • Login to FAST
  • Click on “Forensic Anthropology Skeletal Trauma Database”
  • Two ways to search the database

Search Dashboard

      • Click on “View/Edit Records” in the menu on the left
      • Search using the Search Field and Search Text

Create a Report

      • Click on “Data Exports, Reports, and Stats” in the menu on the left
      • Select “Create New Report”
      • Fill in Name of Report
      • Select the fields to include in the report
      • Select Filters
      • Optional features: Live Filter and Order the Results
      • Click “Save Report”
      • Click “View Report”

Current FAST Data

As FAST continues to develop and progress, additional data will be incorporated into the database and this table will be updated concurrently

*click to enlarge


Subject Data

Experimental Data

Injury Data

Element Data

Biomechanical Data

Fracture Data

Imaging Data


Mechanism of Trauma


Skeletal Element


Number of Fractures

Pre-Test X-rays


Loading Direction


Element Side



Post-Test X-rays


Loading Rate







*All possible data may not be available for all records


Skeletal Trauma in Forensic Anthropology: Improving the Accuracy of Trauma Analysis and Expert Testimony

Current analyses of skeletal trauma are largely dependent on descriptive methods with little or no interpretation. Such practice lacks any link from observed fracture patterns to validated, experimental skeletal trauma research identifying fracture mechanisms. This baseline for interpreting skeletal trauma and providing scientific testimony cannot satisfy Daubert guidelines.  The proposed research will fill the identified gap in the current knowledge and methods of skeletal trauma research, analysis, and interpretation by providing controlled experimental bone trauma data focused on fracture mechanics to improve the validity of skeletal trauma analysis and interpretation through precise, accurate, and repeatable analytical methods. The goal of this research is to scientifically validate the relationship between long bone fracture characteristics and injury mechanisms.  This will be accomplished by addressing the following specific aims throughout this research project; Aim 1: Analyze relationships between skeletal fracture characteristics and intrinsic variables of the individual or the tibia (e.g., age, sex, cross-sectional geometry), as well as evaluate covariation of intrinsic variables, and Aim 2: Analyze relationships between skeletal fracture characteristics and extrinsic experimental variables (e.g., loading rate, loading direction).

     One-hundred human tibiae (50 females, 50 males) will by dynamically impacted at mid-shaft in 4-point bending testing scenarios in the proposed project. Intrinsic variables (e.g., age, sex, robustness), biomechanical parameters (e.g., force, energy), and fracture characteristics (e.g., location, type) will be collected before, during, and after testing using multiple methodologies (e.g., QCT scans). Analyses will evaluate inter-relationships as well as the influence of each of the variables on outcome variables (biomechanical parameters and fracture characteristics). This research will provide forensic anthropologists a better understanding of biological variability and its impact on fracture mechanics, as well as offer statistically substantiated results to strengthen expert testimony. Strategic varying of extrinsic factors (Aim 2), will provide data to enable forensic anthropologists to further interpret traumatic injuries and legitimize or disprove common beliefs, such that higher loading rates result in more complex fractures. Data from this research will be organized into a publicly available Forensic Anthropology Skeletal Trauma (FAST) database, with the purpose of providing objective training resources for scholars and professionals to standardize trauma interpretations within and across disciplines.