Head and brain injuries in sports-specific environments and the effectiveness of standard safety equipment in mitigating such injuries is a current research focus area at the IBRC. Work has been conducted across multiple sporting activities including American football, lacrosse, boxing, hockey, and equestrian. At the IBRC, sports head impacts are recreated in a laboratory setting using crash test dummies instrumented with sensors to measure accelerations and velocities inside the head of an athlete. Results from these projects are used to help elucidate the causes of head and brain injuries during play as well as influence the design of the next generation of sports protective equipment.

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6aω Head Instrumentation

The types of sensor configurations that fit within an ATD’s head limit the accuracy of 6 degree-of-freedom (6DOF) kinematics in severe impact conditions. Researchers in the IBRC conducted tests to develop a new fixture (6aω) that could sit at the center of gravity of the ATD head and accurately measure 6DOF kinematics. Additional testing was completed to find the first natural frequency of the fixture in order to eliminate vibrational noise in data. To complete the design, analysis of weight was conducted and a modular design was  implemented, making the new 6aω fixture universal, lightweight, and easy to use and install.

Recent Publications & Presentations

Development of Innovative 6aω Head Instrumentation Fixture for the Hybrid III 50th Percentile Male

Colleen Croyle, Kevin Moorhouse, John H. Bolte IV, Yun-Seok Kang

13th Annual Injury Biomechanics Symposium (May 2017).

Evaluation of a Coplanar 6a3ω Configuration in the Hybrid III 50 th Percentile Male Head

Yun-Seok Kang, Sam Goldman, Kevin Moorhouse, John H. Bolte IV

Traffic Injury Prevention (April 2017).

Measurement of Six Degrees of Freedom Head Kinematics in Impact Conditions Employing Six Accelerometers and Three Angular Rate Sensors (6aω Configuration)

Yun-Seok Kang, Kevin Moorhouse, John H. Bolte IV

Journal of Biomechanical Engineering (December 2011).